National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Scientific and Practical Center on Bioresources
M i n s k


Introduction ¦ Staff and Collectors ¦ Publications
Vascular Plant Herbarium ¦ Bryophyte Herbarium ¦ Algal Herbarium ¦ Lichen Herbarium
Fungal Herbarium ¦ Paleobotanical Collection ¦ Carpological Collection ¦ The Herbarium Library



Cabinets of vascular plant herbarium

Vascular plant herbarium species files

Cabinets of bryophyte collection

Algal collection

Lichen herbarium cabinets

A cabinet of fungal herbarium

A cabinet of carpological collection



The Herbarium of V.F. Kuprevich Institute of Experimental Botany is the oldest and the biggest in the republic. The Herbarium work at the base of the Statute about Herbarium of the State Scientific Institution “V.F. Kuprevich Institute of Experimental Botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus” (the Statute was ratified by the Bureau of NASB Presidium, decision No. 116 of 16 March 2006), at Flora and Herbarium Department created in 2003 (Institute Order No. 1 of 10 January 2003).

The Herbarium was included 11 June 2002 in the State Register of the Scientific Objects of National Property [Decision of the Council of Ministers No.758 and Notification by the National Academy of Sciences (in Russian)].

The Herbarium Structure

Today the Herbarium includes eight subdivisions or sections, seven of which contains natural history collections. Each subdivision has its own acronym and symbolic color.

MSK-V – Herbarium of vascular plants
MSK-B – Herbarium of bryophytes
MSK-A – Herbarium of algae
MSK-L – Herbarium of lichens*
MSK-F – Herbarium of fungi*
MSK-P – Paleobotanical collection
MSK-C – Carpological collection (Herbarium of seeds, fruits, and cones)
BNHB – Herbarium library

* The names for this Herbarium divisions have a historical origin from the times when fungi considered as a part of plant world. According to modern classifications, lichens are the true fungi (kingdom Fungi), and the most of their species belong to the phylum Ascomycota, constituting the group of sac fungi obligately associated with algae. Since fungi are not plant organisms, then the more correct names for these divisions will collection of lichens (collection of lichenized fungi) and fungal collection (collection of non-lichenized fungi). Sometimes the term fungarium is used instead of herbarium.

At nowadays there are more 250 000 storage units in the Herbarium collections, from which vascular plants – ca 160 000, bryophytes – ca 37 000, algae – 140, lichens – ca 35 000, fungi – ca 15 000, paleobotanical samples – more 350, and carpological collection – ca 2000 samples. The library of botanical literature with more 1200 books was gathered at the Herbarium to carry out the botanical research.

Specimens geography

The most of specimens were collected in Belarus inside its nowadays borders. There are also numerous specimens collected abroad (geographical part of the Herbarium), especially the neighboring countries: Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia. The collections from Caucasus, Siberia, Far East, and Middle Asia are in rather sufficient amount. There are small collections from Western Europe, Central Asia, Southwest Asia, Southeast Asia, North America, and several specimens from Australia and Africa.

Short Herbarium History

The first collections begun to formed in 1922 at the Institute of Belarusian Culture (Inbelkul't).

Among the earliest collectors were: V.F. Kuprevich (fungi), V.A. Mikhailovskaya (vascular plants, mosses), A.P. Pidoplichko (vascular plants, mosses, lichens), O.S. Polyanskaya (vascular plants, mosses, lichens), P.M. San'ko (vascular plants, mosses), V.P. Savicz (lichens), L.I. Savicz-Lyubitskaya (mosses, lichens), M.P. Tomin (vascular plants, mosses, lichens), N.O. Tsetterman (vascular plants, mosses, lichens).

During the Great Patriotic War the herbarium with no more than 5000 specimens was transferred in Germany together with other values of common to all mankind significance. It was returned only in 1948, but not completely. A part of not returned collections is kept in Poland (Kraków, KRAM).

In the period after war the extant collections (vascular plants, mosses, lichens, carpology collection) were substantially replenished and the new collections were created – herbarium of algae, fungi, and paleobotanical collection.

Recent decades a number of specialists from other countries (or that time Soviet republics) worked with the Herbarium and examined thier collections: R.V. Kamelin, V.N. Tikhomirov, N.N. Tzvelev, Yu.A. Alekseev, T.V. Yegorova, A.I. Kuz'michev, M.G. Pimenov, A.K. Skvortsov, V.G. Papchenkov, A.E. Bobrov, D.V. Gel'tman, T.G. Leonova, A.N. Sennikov, E.L. Nezdoiminogo, A.V. Bogacheva, I.V. Zmitrovich, V.F. Malysheva, E.F. Malysheva (Russia); T.L. Andrienko, N.I. Konoplya (Ukraine); Z. Gudžinskas, N.Ya. Kalinauskaitė, M. Ryla, A. Treigienė (Lithuania); I. Fatare, J. Strazdinš (Latvia); K. Kalamees (Estonia); K. Rostański, J. Zieliński, J. Guzik (Poland).

The Herbarium Address

State Scientific Institution “V.F. Kuprevich Institute of Experimental Botany NASB”*
Akademichnaya Str. 27
BY-220072, Minsk

*The Institute belong to the State Scientific and Production Union "Scientific and Practical Center on Bioresources of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus"

Laboratory of Flora and Plant Systematics (head – Academician, Prof. V.I. Parfenov)
phone [375] (17) 284-20-15; e-mail: msk@biobel.bas-net.by

Laboratory of Mycology (head – Cand. Biol. Sci. O.S. Gapienko)
phone [375] (17) 284-20-14; e-mail: fungi@biobel.bas-net.by


This website is based mostly on the brochure: Anon (2005). Гербарий [Herbarium]: 28 pp. Минск: Институт экспериментальной ботаники им. В.Ф. Купревича [Minsk: V.F. Kuprevich Institute of Experimental Botany].

The text in the chapters of this website (1 – Introduction, 2 – Staff and collectors, 3 – Publications, 4 – Vascular plant herbarium, 5 – Bryophyte herbarium, 6 – Algal herbarium, 7 – Lichen herbarium, 8 – Fungal herbarium, 9 – Collection of fungal cultures, 10 – Paleobotanical collection, 11 – Carpological collection) was prepared with the collaboration of the following authors:

D.B. Belomesyatseva – 8 (and the 1st photo above in the left pannel), 9
O.S. Gapienko – 8
N.N. Kobzar – 7
G.F. Rykovsky – 5
T.G. Shabashova – 9
Ya.A. Shaparava – 8
D.I. Tret'yakov – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, general edition
I.M. Yakovleva – 1, 2, 4
E.O. Yurchenko – 3, 7, 8, 9, web-design, English text, general edition, illustrations


The website first posted 9 September 2008
Most recent update 9 September 2008